Guide to the 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment Orderly Book 1776-1802 MG 224
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Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino, April 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
The 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line was commanded by Colonel Samuel Miles (1740-1805) from March 13, 1776 until Miles was taken prisoner at the Battle of Long Island on August 27, 1776. From May-June 1776, the regiment advanced from Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania to Elizabeth, New Jersey on its way towards Long Island.
Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment was formed in the spring of 1777 and, at the time covered by this volume, was camped at Middlebrook, New Jersey and engaged in the battles of Northern New Jersey. Hartley’s Additional Continental Regiment absorbed this regiment in January 1779.
This volume is an orderly book used by Samuel Miles’ 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line from May 16, 1776 until July 19, 1776, and then sporadically by Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment from May 26,1777 to June 4, 1778. It was also used as an account book by an unidentified farmer in 1799 and by an unidentified apothecary from 1800-1802.
An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders; there is usually one for each company. This volume was probably kept by Laurence Keene (fl. 1776-1778), who served in Samuel Miles’s 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line, Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment, and later became an aide-de-camp to General Thomas Mifflin (1745-1800). Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, rations of food and rum, and court martial proceedings.
Orders were issued at the following locations:
1. Marcus Hook, PA, May 16-July 2, 1776;
2. Philadelphia, PA, July 5, 1776;
3. Allentown, NJ, July 7, 1776;
4. New Brunswick, NJ, July 9-10, 1776;
5. Perth Amboy, NJ, July 11-30, 1776;
6. Elizabeth, NJ, July 18-19,1776;
7. Middlebrook, NJ, May 26-June 2, 1777;
8. Valley Forge, PA, June 1-4, 1778.
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Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 224, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Revolutionary War Officer
Orderly Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.
This volume was the gift of Joseph P. Bradley (1813-1892) in 1875.
Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (David McKay, New York, 1966)