Manuscript Group 226, Guide to the First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly Book 1777-1778

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Descriptive Summary
Historical Note
Scope and Content Note
Restrictions
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information
Bibliography

Container List

Orderly Book


Guide to the First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly Book
1777-1778
MG 226

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
Phone: (973) 596-8500 x249
Email: library@jerseyhistory.org
URL: http://www.jerseyhistory.org
© 2006 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino, April 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.


Descriptive Summary

Creator: United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Regiment, First.
Title: Guide to the First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly Book
Dates: 1777-1778
Abstract: Kept by Adjutant Jacob Piatt. Includes orders issued at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania (General George Washington’s encampment during the battle of Germantown and before retirement to Valley Forge), November 20, 1777 – January 13, 1778; orders issued at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, January 14 – February 18, 1778; and weekly returns, February 6 – 27, 1778. This regiment was under the command of Colonel Matthias Ogden.
Quantity: .15 linear feet (1 volume)
Collection Number: MG 226

Historical Note

In October and November of 1777, the Continental Army was in retreat after losses at the battles of Germantown and Fort Mifflin. George Washington’s forces were camped at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania during the battle of Germantown and before retirement to Valley Forge in January of 1778. This period nearly brought the breakdown of the Continental Army’s supply system, and the troops settled in for a difficult winter at Valley Forge. This regiment was under the command of Colonel Matthias Ogden (1754-1791).

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Scope and Content Note

This volume is an orderly book used by the First New Jersey Continental Regiment while stationed in Whitemarsh and Valley Forge, Pennsylvania from November 20, 1777 to February 18, 1778. Orders were entered by Adjutant Jacob Piatt.

An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders, and there is usually one for each company. Orders were issued from November 20, 1777 to January 13, 1778 at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania; from January 14 to February 18, 1778 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania; and weekly officer records were made from February 6-27, 1788. Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, procurement of uniforms, repair of arms, rations of food and rum, and court marshal proceedings.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.

Subject Names:

Ogden, Matthias, d. 1791.
Piatt, Jacob, 1747-1834.
Washington, George, 1732-1799.

Subject Organizations:

United States. Army–Military life
United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Regiment, First.

Subject Topics:

Courts martial and courts of inquiry–Pennsylvania.
Military camps–Pennsylvania.
Military maneuvers–Pennsylvania.
Military supplies–Pennsylvania.

Subject Places:

United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783.
Valley Forge (Pa.)
Whitemarsh (Pa. : Township)

Document Types:

Orderly books.

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Related Material

Manuscript Group 833, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Account book
Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly Book
Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1883) Orderly book
Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book
Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment Orderly book
Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book
Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly Book
Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book
Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops Military record book
Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book
Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon, Journal and Orderly book
Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment

Orderly Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Augustus Coddington, ca. 1871.

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Bibliography

Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (David McKay, New York, 1966)

Timeline of the American Revolution, 1765-1783.;

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Container List

Orderly Book
Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Orderly book 1777-1778

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