Guide to the Hellenic Heritage Collectionca. 1906-2007 Bulk dates: 1925-1950

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

Arrangement

Access Points


Related Material


Administrative Information

Bibliography

 

Series Descriptions and Container List

 

Series 1: Photographs in alphabetical order by last name, ca. 1910-2000

Series 2: Photographs in alphabetical order by subject, 1906-ca. 2000

Series 3: Documents/publications pertaining to Greek Americans and Greece, ca. 1920-2005


Series 4: Exhibit and book related items, 2000-2007


Series 5: Greek-American artifacts (non-paper based items), ca. 1918-2002

Guide to the Hellenic Heritage Collectionca. 1906-2007Bulk dates: 1925-1950Inventory prepared by Julia Telonidis, December 2007.

 

Guide to the Hellenic Heritage Collection
ca. 1906-2007
Bulk dates: 1925-1950

The Newark Public Library

 

5 Washington St.

 

Newark, New Jersey 07102

 

Contact: Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center

 

Phone: (973) 733-7775

 

Email: njreference@npl.org

 

URL: http://www.npl.org

 

© 2007 All rights reserved.
The Newark Public Library, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Julia Telonidis, December 2007.

 

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. January 2008. Finding aid written
in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: This is an artificial collection assembled by Angelique Lampros and Peter Markos consisting of materials donated by various
members of the Greek community in and around Newark, NJ that resulted in a book titled Remembering Newark’s Greeks : An American
Odyssey and in the 2002-2003 exhibition at Newark Public Library of the same title.
Title: Hellenic Heritage Collection
Dates ca. 1906-2007
Abstract: This collection consists of photographs, certificates, passports, clippings and ephemera reflecting the Greek-American community
of Newark, NJ during the 20th century.
Quantity: 5 linear feet (7 standard archival boxes and 4 oversize boxes of various sizes)
Collection Number: HHC

Historical Note

Newark’s Greek community was one of many immigrant communities to make a tremendous impact on the cultural landscape of New
Jersey. Large scale immigration from Greece in the late 19th and early 20th centuries resulted in the formation of ethnic
communities in various New Jersey cities, including Newark. Offering a less urban environment than New York City, Newark provided
a variety of job opportunities to Greek immigrants, including work in leather tanning businesses, cigar factories, and breweries.
Many worked as food vendors and later on as restaurateurs and business owners. Although small in numbers, estimated to be
around 10,000 in 1910, Greek immigrants carved their own niche in this diverse and thriving city.

Newark’s Greeks formed a close knit community based around church and family life. They founded the first Greek Orthodox Church
in New Jersey, the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, also known as the “Mother Church of New Jersey,” incorporated in 1906
and located on High Street (now Martin Luther King Boulevard) since 1924. Led for thirty-six years by Rev. George Spiridakis,
and later on by Rev. James A. Aloupis for forty-seven years, St. Nicholas served as a center for Greek-American religious
life and culture. In 1928 a second Greek Orthodox Church was established in Newark, St. Demetrios Church, located in its later
years on Clinton Avenue.

Family was central to the lives of Greek Newarkers and family picnics, celebrations and get togethers were frequent occurrences.
Weddings and baptisms were large scale gatherings that served to bring the community together. Community involvement was evidenced
in the popularity of Greek American church based philanthropic, educational, and religious organizations such as Philoptochos,
G.A.P.A .(Greek American Progressive Association), and G.O.Y.A. (Greek Orthodox Youth Association). These organizations also
helped to encourage the continuance of Greek language, cultural traditions, and history. Traditional Greek costumes were worn
on occasions such as Greek Independence Day, celebrated annually on March 25th. Religious holidays such as Pascha (Easter)
were multi-day celebrations filled with church service attendance, family gatherings, and traditional Greek foods.

Greek-owned businesses thrived, with restaurants, bakeries, flower and candy shops, barbers, and hat shops located throughout
the city. Many Greek Americans served in the U.S. military with pride during World War II and participated in many war relief
efforts. Individual success stories such as those of theater owner Adam A. Adams, U.S. Army General Leonidas Gavalas, prominent
local cardiologist Dr. Nicholas Antonius, and architect William Chirgotis were a testament to the Greeks’ successful assimilation
into American society. Greek families encouraged the maintenance of traditional culture and family life while stressing the
values of education and hard work. Many more second generation Greeks entered various professions such as law, education,
engineering and the arts. The success of the community combined with the benefits of the GI Bill, afforded many the opportunity
to move to homes in suburban areas. Gradually, the once concentrated community of Newark’s Greeks began to disperse..

As a result of this exodus, other Greek Orthodox churches were founded throughout the state. Newark’s changing social and
economic landscape contributed to the diffusion of the community. In the later decades of the 20th century, church attendance
at both churches began to decline. St. Demetrios Church relocated to Union, NJ in 1984. After years of declining church attendance,
St. Nicholas Church decided to merge with the community of Sts. Constantine and Helen of Orange and will relocate to a new
church facility in Roseland. The last church service was held at St. Nicholas in Newark on December 30, 2007, signifying the
end of an era for Newark’s Greeks.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists mainly of photographs of various members of the Greek-American community of Newark, NJ and the surrounding
area, and depicts various facets of Greek community, family, and religious life in Newark. There are many photographs of the
Greek community’s most prominent individuals and families, portrait and wedding photographs, and church scenes, many of St.
Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church of Newark. There are many images of individuals in Greek costume and images of family events,
Greek-owned businesses, celebrations, banquets, and school photographs and sports. There are war related images and images
of Greek community and church organizations such as A.H.E.P.A. (American Hellenic Progressive Association) and Daughters of
Penelope.

There are also original documents including passports, birth and marriage certificates, immigration and naturalization documents,
restaurant menus, certificates, membership cards and various types of ephemera. There are newspaper articles pertaining to
the community’s most prominent citizens such as theater owner Adam A. Adams, U.S. Army Brigadier General Leonidas G. Gavalas,
and cardiologist Dr. Nicholas Antonius. There are postcards and images of Greece, Greek Orthodox religious brochures, and
Greek language teaching materials.

The Newark Public Library mounted an exhibit in 2003 entitled: Remembering Newark’s Greeks: An American Odyssey, which has
material in this collection such as posters, publicity materials and photographs of the exhibition opening, and several non-paper
based items, including a child’s Greek Evzone costume, war medals and baptismal pins.

The collecting of materials for this project is an ongoing process and more items will be integrated into this collection
in the future.

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Arrangement

The collection is organized into five series.

Series 1: Photographs in alphabetical orger by last name, ca. 1910-2000.

Series 2: Photographs in alphabetical order by subject, 1906-ca. 2000.

Series 3: Documents/publications pertaining to Greek Americans and Greece, ca. 1920-2005.

Series 4: Exhibit and book related documents, 2000-2007.

Series 5: Greek-American artifacts (non-paper based items), ca. 1918-2002.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Adams, Adam A.
Aloupis, James A.
Antonius, Nicholas.
Chirgotis, William G.
Gevalas, Leonidas G.
Lampros, Angelique.
Lampros, Demi.
Lampros, George N.
Markos, Peter.
Spiridakis, George.
Zois, Asimina.
Subject Organizations:
AHEPA (Organization).
G.A.P.A.
GOYA (Organization).
Maids of Athena.
Newark Public Library.
Sons of Pericles.
St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church (Newark, NJ).
St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church (Newark, NJ).
Subject Topics:
Ethnic groups– New Jersey–Newark.
Baptism (Liturgy).
Church buildings–New Jersey–Newark.
Clergy–New Jersey–Newark.
Community leaders–New Jersey–Newark.
Costume–Greece.
Dinners and dining–New Jersey–Newark.
Greek American restaurateurs–New Jersey–Newark.
Greek Americans–Associations, institutions, etc.
Greek Americans–New Jersey–Newark–History.
Greek language materials.
Immigrants–New Jersey–Newark.
Library exhibits–New Jersey–Newark.
Orthodox Eastern Church.
Restaurants–New Jersey–Newark.
Schools–New Jersey–Newark.
Soldiers.
Theaters–New Jersey–Newark.
War relief–New Jersey–Newark.
Weddings–New Jersey–Newark.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1939-1945.
Subject Places:
Greece.
Newark (N.J.).
Document Types:
Birth certificates.
Brochures.
Clippings.
Correspondence.
Immigration records.
Invitations.
Marriage Certificates.
Membership cards.
Menus.
Passports.
Photographs.
Postcards.
Posters.

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Related Material

Separated Material:

Atlas of World War II. New York : The Greek War Relief Association, 1943.

Kallas, Dr. John L. Growing Up as a Greek-American. Unionville, NY : KAV Books, Inc., 1992.

Kouveliotes, Stavros. To Triton Mesouranema. Second Revised Edition. San Francisco, CA : Mercury Press, 1942.

Salutos, Theodore. The Greeks in the United States. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1964.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Hellenic Heritage Collection, The Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center, Newark
Public Library.

Acquisition Information

Click here for a list of donors.

Processing Information

Original newspaper clippings were photocopied. Nicholas and Vassiliki Lampros wedding photograph with attached wedding crown
(Box 2, Folder 2) may need future conservation work. Several items were separated from the collection and are listed under
the Separated Materials section. Also, many of the materials in this collection were microfilmed and the microfilm is located
in the Newark Public Library’s New Jersey Information Center. Select images from this collection can be viewed on the New
Jersey Digital Highway website at http://www.njdigitalhighway.org. Search “Newark Greeks.”

There are two boxes of data file materials for this collection. There is no patron access to these boxes.

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Bibliography

Cummings, Charles F. “Greeks Endured Hardships on the Road to Success.” The Star-Ledger.
19 April 2001.

Diamant, Jeff. “The End of a Spiritual Epoch : Greek Orthodox Church to Leave Newark. The Star-Ledger. 20 October 2006.

Lampros, Angelique. Remembering Newark’s Greeks : An American Odyssey. Virginia Beach, Va.: Donning Co. Publishers, c2006.

Vasilopoulos, Vicki. “A Lost World Lives on at the Newark Library.” The New York Times. 15 December 2002.

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Series Descriptions and Container List

Series 1: Photographs in alphabetical order by last name, ca. 1910-2000

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Last names beginning with A: Adams (See also Box 4 Folder 7, Box 5 Folder 8, and Box 5 Folder 5), Aloupis (with Kostakos,
Demetroulakis), Andrews, Antonakos, Antonas (with Lampros, Papastamatis) Antonius, Apostolakos (with Kostoulakos), Argyris,
Arianas, Arianis, and Aridas
ca. 1920-1950
1 2 Last names beginning with B: Bacchus, Barlas (with Katramados, Manos, Gougoumis), Bistis, Bougades, Bournazos(?), and Bravakis
(with Diamandas, Thomas)
ca. 1920-1950
1 3 Last names beginning with C: Capelakos, Carnegis, Charlie, Chirgotis, Chletsos (with Valauri, Nikitakis, Vasiliou), Christos,
Coniaris (with Poulos, Linardakis, Demetra), Corodemus (with Faraklas), Costandakos, Costas, and Costopoulos (with Yatrakis)
ca. 1914-1990s
1 4 Last names beginning with D: Dedousis, Demas, Demos, Dermousis, Diamandas (with Linardakis), and Dokas (with Aloupis, Markos) ca. 1920s-1960s
1 5 Last names beginning with E: Economou and Evrotas ca. 1920s-1960s
1 6 Last names beginning with F: Faraklas, Frangos (with Midas), and Frankos ca. 1929-1940s
1 7 Last names beginning with G: Galanopoulos, Gargas, Gavalas, Geanakis, Geannakakis, Gianas (with Vasiliow), Gecas (See also
Box 5 Folder 1, Box 5 Folder 6, and OS 4), Gellas, Georgas, Georgopoulos, Gevas (with Bravakis, Faraklas, Spyridakis, Markos),
and Grammata
ca. 1910s-1972
1 8 Last names beginning with H-J: Halakos, Halamandaris (with Stathopoulos and Faraklas), Halulakos, Javas, Jolas, Jovanis, and
Juvelis (with Vlahakes)
ca. 1910s-1960s
1 9 Last names beginning with K: Kafalas, Kallanis, Kalliaris, Kapandais, Karakos, Karambatos (with Markos), Katica, Katsafados,
Katsamakis, Katsara, Kefalas, Kehayes, Koloroutis, Koronakos, Kostakos, Kostins, Kostas, Kostoulakos, Kyriakarakos, and Kyriakoulias
ca. 1917-ca.1960
Box Folder Title Date
2 1 Last names beginning with L: Lampros, (with Theophilos, Costopoulos, Yatrakis, Vasiliou, Nikitakis), Leonidou, Linardakis
(with Stathopoulos, Vlahakos, Diamandaris), Lollos (with Faraklas, Corodemus), Louis, and Lymperoupoulos (Lymp)
ca. 1930s-1950s
2 2 Lampros wedding photograph (with crown attached) 1935
2 3 Last names beginning with M: Macris, Manas, Manolas, Manolis, Manos (with Pallantios), Markos (with Gevas, Pavalakos), Maskaleris,
Massas, Mastakas, Matthews, Mavrades, Mehalaris, Mellas, Mendrinos, Mesenzanos, Metsopoulos, Missirlis, and Mitilinis (with
Yatrakis, Costopoulos)
ca. 1910s -ca. 1970s
2 4 Last names beginning with N-O: Nicholas, Nickopoulos, Nickolopoulos (name is spelled incorrectly in Remembering Newark’s Greeks
book), and Nikitakis (with Geannakakis, Juvelis, Janulis, Pallantios, Vasiliow)
ca. 1910s-1940s
2 5 Last names beginning with P-Q: Pallantios (with Manos, Stathopoulos), Pantages, Papandreopoulos (Andrews), Papadopoulos, Papageorge,
Papatheodouras, Pappas, Peters, Petine (with Kondilis), Petropoulos, Petroulakos, Politos, Polychronopoulos (with Coniaris,
Poulos, Spanioles, Beretsos), Pontiakos, Poulos, and Poutsiaka
ca. 1910-ca. 1960
2 6 Last names beginning with R-S: Saros, Sarros, Sideris (with Mitilinis, Karras, Harris, and Manolis), Siemekis, Spiridon (with
Maroukis, Baldsamedes), Spiropoulos, Spyridakis (with Costopoulos, Zaveson), Staikos, and Stathopoulos (with Poulos)
ca. 1910s-1971
2 7 Last names beginning with T-V: Theodos, Theophiles, Theophilos, Thomas (with Demetroulakos), Tsonas, Tsotakos (with Poulimeneas),
Vagenos, Vardakis, Vasiliow, Visas, and Vlahakes
ca. 1910s-1960s
2 8 Last names beginning with W-Z: Yatrakis, Yeannakis (with Costopoulos), Zervakos, Zois, Zoulas ca. 1930-ca. 1970
2 9 Unidentified Photographs ca. 1910-1990s

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Series 2: Photographs in alphabetical order by subject, 1906-ca. 2000

Box Folder Title Date
3 1 Businesses: bars, candy shops, delis, donut shops, factories, florists, grocers, restaurants, theaters ca. 1914-ca. 1962
3 2 Celebrations: gatherings, picnics, lamb roast, holidays ca. 1920s-1960s
3 3 Church (general): altars, ceremonies, christenings, clergy, holy communion, ground consecrations, stained glass (interiors) ca. 1920s-ca. 2000
3 4 Church-St. Demetrios: Father Pappas, church exterior, board of trustees, youth groups ca. 1920s-1950s
3 5 Church-St. Nicholas: Palm Sunday and Easter services, Sunday school, Greek School, blessing of Holy Bread, church exterior,
Father Aloupis and other clergy, church festival, church exterior, plaque with founding members (See also copies of 1908 &
1913 church ledgers in OS 2)
1906-ca. 2000
3 6 Costume: mostly Greek national costume ca. 1920s-1950s
3 7 Military: officers, Navy, Gen. Gavalas (with Bing Crosby) (See also Box 5 folder 7), WWII, victory gardens, American Legion,
nurses
ca. 1940s-ca. 1960s
Box Folder Title Date
4 1 Newark: street scenes, parks, parades, map of ethnic neighborhoods 1911-ca. 1960
4 2 Organizations: events and dinners, G.A.P.A. (Greek-American Progressive Association), Philoptochos, A.H.E.P.A. (American Hellenic
Educational Progressive Association), G.O.Y.A., Sons of Pericles, Parnassus Society, Maids of Athena
ca. 1930s-1960s
4 3 Politics: politicians, political campaigns ca. 1950s-ca. 1970
4 4 Students and Schools: Central High School, Arts High, cheerleaders, class groupsStudents and Schools: Central High School,
Arts High, cheerleaders, class groups
ca., 1920s-ca. 1950s
4 5 Ships and Immigration: Ships that brought immigrants from Greece: Patris, Byron, Acropolis, Constantinople, Themistocles, King Alexander, Athinai, Edison, also recent photos of Ellis Island and Statue of Liberty ca. 1915-ca. 2000
4 6 Sports: baseball, football, basketball ca. 1930s-ca. 1950s
4 7 Theaters: (Adam A. Adams owned) (See also Box 1 Folder 1, Box 5 Folder 5, and Box 5 Folder 8) ca. 1920-1950s
4 8 War relief: WWII era events, fundraisers, knitting relief efforts, efforts to aid Greece ca. 1940s
4 9 Weddings/Engagements: ceremonies, portraits, bride preparation, banquets. Includes Adams, Boucouvalas and Macris, Coniaris,
Demetroulakos, Economou and Visas, Gecas, Gianas, Juvelis, Koronakos, Linardakis, Lymperopoulos (Lymp), Markos, Maskaleris,
Nikitakis, Pallantios, Papaleo Pappas, Sarandoulias, Theofilopoulou and Galanopoulos, Vlahakes, Zois
ca. 1905-1950s
Box Folder Title Date
OS 1 Oversized photographs: many group photographs, school and church organizations, Bitsis mother and son, wedding photos ca. 1920-1955

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Series 3: Documents/publications pertaining to Greek Americans and Greece, ca. 1920-2005

Box Folder Title Date
5 1 Original Documents: church and Greek organizations (certificates, menus, correspondence, receipts, invitations, immigration
and naturalization documents, testimonial dinner booklets)
1940s-1978
5 2 Original Documents: immigration and naturalization related (including passports) ca. 1920s-ca. 1960s
5 3 Original Documents: marriage and birth related documents 1929-1940
5 4 Original Documents: motor vehicle and hunting license cards 1930s
5 5 Original documents: restaurant and business related ephemera, menus (and two reproductions) ca. 1920-1930s
5 6 Original documents: war related, war relief organizations (U.S.O., American Legion) ca. 1930s-1960s
5 7 General documents/publications pertaining to Greek Americans, includes Asimina Zois (See also OS 1), Peter Thomas, Gen. Gavalas,
William Chirgotis, Kostoulakos family, Boutsikaris family
ca. 1920s-ca. 2000s
5 8 Adam A. Adams articles/obituary (See also Box 1 Folder 1, Box 4 Folder 7, and Box 5 Folder 5) ca. 1940s-1990s
5 9 Dr. Nicholas Antonius related documents ca. 1950s-1960s
5 10 Gus Gevas related documents, correspondence, political organizations ca. 1940s-1950s
5 11 St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church articles/publicity/history/copies of certificate of incorporation ca. 1906-1990s
5 12 Rev. James A. Aloupis testimonial dinner booklets, retirement celebration books 1969-2002
Box Folder Title Date
6 1 Postcards and images of Greece: Acropolis, rural scenes, patriotic images ca. 1920s-ca. 1990
6 2 Poster depicting Greece during different periods and small map of Greece ca. 1940s
6 3 Tes Istorias tes Kainis Diathekis (Greek language children’s religious book); Alphabetarion tou Elenopaidos tes Amerikes (Greek language children’s primer) 1946-1949
6 4 Greek Orthodox religious/organizational brochures and pamphlets and pamphlet pertaining to the consecration of St. Demetrios
Greek Orthodox Church (Union, NJ) in 1989
1ca. 1960s-ca. 1990s
6 5 Essays: The Children of the Greek Pioneers of Essex County and The Maniates of Newark. John Antonakos, Editor ca. 2005

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Series 4: Exhibit and book related items, 2000-2007

Box Folder Title Date
7 1 Exhibit/book related publicity (copies of newspaper and periodical articles) 2000-2002
7 2 Exhibit/book related publicity/documents: Newark Public Library, The New Jersey Historical Society, Greek Heritage Fund, release
form (blank) documents, speaking engagements
ca. 2000-2007
7 3 Printed captions used in exhibit 2002-2003
7 4 Photographs related to the exhibition opening, includes photos of Angelique Lampros and Peter Markos 2002
7 5 Correspondence to Angelique Lampros/Peter Markos regarding exhibit/book 2002
Box Folder Title Date
OS 2 Mounted exhibit photographs and posters (box also includes photocopies of St. Nicholas church ledgers 1908-1913) 1908-2003

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Series 5: Greek-American artifacts (non-paper based items), ca. 1918-2002

Box Folder Title Date
OS 3 Child’s Greek Evzone costume 1930s
OS 4 Greek flag, baptismal pins (marterika), wool baby boots and marterika belonging to George Lampros, Thomas Gecas handkerchief
and World War I medals, Paul Andrews religious medal
ca. 1918-2002

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