Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book, 1779




Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery


Orderly book, 1779, 0.2 linear feet / 1 volume


Call Number: MG 223


















Orders for the Continental Artillery
Brigade stationed near Chester, Orange County, New York between July 1 and
November 18, 1779.  The brigade included the 1st, 2nd, 3rd Artillery
Battalions commanded respectively by Charles Harrison, John Lamb, and John


Historical Note:


The important events of the Revolutionary War in mid-1779 take place mostly
in New Jersey and Georgia, but the Continental
Army’s recapture of fortifications at Stony Point, New York on April 16 was an
important moral builder in a year that brought more losses than victories.


General Henry Knox pioneered the use of
mobile artillery by the American forces in the Revolutionary War when he
transported his Continental Regiment of Artillery 300 miles from Ticonderoga to
Boston to end the British siege on the city in 1776.  John Lamb (1735-1800)
and John Crane (1744-1805) both served as majors in this unit, and they were
given command of two of the four artillery regiments when the Continental
Artillery Brigade was later formed.  The remaining two artillery regiments
were commanded by Colonel Charles Harrison (1740-1796) and Colonel Thomas
Proctor.  At some point during 1779, Colonel Lamb was given command of
nearby West Point until September 1780.




Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of
the American Revolution,
(David McKay, New York, 1966).

Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896, (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963).

Provenance Note:


The source of this collection is unknown.

Scope and Content Note:


This volume is an orderly book used by a
group of artillery brigades camped near Chester (Orange County), New York from
July 1 to November 18, 1779.  This group was composed of three of the four
artillery brigades in the Continental Army: Colonel Charles Harrison’s 1st
Artillery Brigade, Colonel John Lamb’s 2nd Artillery Brigade, and
Colonel John Crane’s 3rd Artillery Brigade.


An orderly book is usually kept by the
orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders.
There is usually one for each company.  Typical orders recorded regard
troop formations, guard duty, repair of arms, and court marshal proceedings.


Related Collections:


For other orderly books see:


Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book


Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book


Manuscript Group 224,
7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment
Orderly book


Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book


Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book


Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book


Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental
Army, Orderly book


Group 229, The New Jersey State Troops Military Record book


Group 230, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book


Manuscript Group 233,
Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Revolutionary War surgeon, Journal and Orderly book


Manuscript Group 257,
Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book



Processed by Luis Delfino, June 2001 as part of the “Farm to City”
project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records


Submit a request to copy part of this collection



Print Friendly, PDF & Email