Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book, 1777-1778
Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental
Orderly book, 1777-1778, 0.15 linear feet
/ 1 volume
Call Number: MG 226
Kept by Adjutant Jacob Piatt.
Includes orders issued at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania (General George Washington’s
encampment during the battle of Germantown and before retirement to Valley
Forge), November 20, 1777 – January 13, 1778; orders issued at Valley Forge,
Pennsylvania, January 14 – February 18, 1778; and weekly returns, February 6 –
27, 1778. This regiment was under the command of Colonel Matthias Ogden.
Gift of Augustus Coddington, ca. 1871.
In October and November of 1777, the
Continental Army was in retreat after losses at the battles of Germantown and
Fort Mifflin. George Washingtons forces were camped at Whitemarsh,
Pennsylvania during the battle of Germantown and before retirement to Valley
Forge in January of 1778. This period nearly brought the breakdown of the
Continental Armys supply system, and the troops settled in for a difficult
winter at Valley Forge. This regiment was under the command of Colonel
Matthais Ogden (1754-1791).
Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of
the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).
This volume was the gift of Augustus
Coddington, circa 1871.
This volume is an orderly book used by the
First New Jersey Continental Regiment while stationed in Whitemarsh and Valley
Forge, Pennsylvania from November 20, 1777 to February 18, 1778. Orders
were entered by Adjutant Jacob Piatt.
An orderly book is usually used by the
orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders,
and there is usually one for each company. Orders were issued from
November 20, 1777 to January 13, 1778 at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania; from January
14 to February 18, 1778 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania; and weekly officer
records were made from February 6-27, 1788. Typical orders recorded regard
troop movements and formation, procurement of uniforms, repair of arms, rations
of food and rum, and court marshal proceedings.
For other orderly books see:
Processed by Luis Delfino, April 2001 as part of the “Farm to City”
project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records