Guide to the Jacob Green Collection 1779-1782, ca.1900 MG 579


Descriptive Summary
Biographical Note
Scope and Content Note
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information

Container List

Autobiography and Letters

Guide to the Jacob Green Collection
1779-1782, ca. 1900
MG 579

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2004 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Bob Golon as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Danielle Kovacs. March 2004. Production of the EAD version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Jacob Green
Title: Jacob Green Collection
Dates: 1779-1782, ca. 1900
Abstract: Consists of a copy of an autobiography, written by Jacob Green and edited by his son Ashbel for publication in The Christian Advocate.
Quantity: 0.05 linear feet (11 items)
Collection Number: MG 579

Biographical Note

Reverend Jacob Green was born at Malden, Massachusetts, in 1722. After showing a propensity for study as a youth, he entered the College of Cambridge (Harvard) in 1740. While in Cambridge, Green was profoundly influenced by preachers George Whitefield and Gilbert Tennent. He graduated from Harvard in 1744 and set out for Georgia with Reverend Whitefield. When they reached Elizabethtown, New Jersey, Green decided to remain there where he studied divinity under the Reverend Jonathan Dickinson; he became the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Hanover, Morris County, New Jersey, in 1746. He remained in Hanover for forty-five years.

Despite being a member of the clergy, Rev. Green took an active role in political issues, throwing his support behind the Whig party and the independence movement. In May 1776, Green was elected as a representative from Morris County to the Provincial Congress of New Jersey. Green was present when the Congress made the decision to draft a state constitution and form a new provincial government in order to regulate the internal police of the colony. Green was chairman of the constitutional committee. The Constitution of New Jersey was adopted on July 2, 1776, and it remained the primary law of New Jersey until 1844.

Green returned to pastoral life after Independence. Besides law and the clergy, Green was also well versed in medicine, and pursued business interests by owning both a gristmill and a distillery. In the 1860s, Green was one of the first Trustees of Princeton College, resigning the post in 1864. Green was also one of the earliest to speak out against slavery. Jacob Green died in May, 1790.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists a copy of an autobiography, written by Jacob Green and edited by his son Ashbel for publication in The Christian Advocate. The autobiography covers Green’s early life, his college experiences, and the years of his ministry until 1777. The final thirteen years of his life are not included in the autobiography and are presumed lost. His son adds an addendum to the autobiography, where he writes of his father’s experiences during the American Revolution, and also of the illness that took his father’s life in 1790.

The collection also consists of 10 letters written by Jacob Green for publication in The New Jersey Journal from November 6, 1779 through June 19, 1782. These letters were published under the name “Eumenes.” The table of contents contained with the letters states that the last letter written was June 19, 1781, however, the letter itself is dated June 19, 1782. These letters contain Green’s views on the following topics: paper currency, public debt and taxes, liberty, slavery, and the payment of taxes.

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Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Dickinson, Jonathan, 1688-1747.
Green, Ashbel, 1762-1848.
Green, Jacob, 1722-1790.
Tennent, Gilbert, 1703-1764.
Whitefield, George, 1714-1770.
Subject Organizations:
First Presbyterian Church (Hanover, N.J.)
Harvard College (1636-1780)
New Jersey. Constitution (1776)
New Jersey. Provincial Congress.
Subject Topics:
Church–New Jersey.
Clergy–New Jersey.
Subject Places:
Cambridge (Mass.)
Elizabeth (N.J.)
Hanover (N.J.)
Morris County (N.J.)
New Jersey–History–Colonial Period, ca. 1600-1775.
Document Types:
Letters (correspondence)

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Related Material

For materials related to individuals or topics documented in the collection, see:

Manuscript Group 6, New Jersey Provincial Congress Manuscript Collection

Manuscript Group 42, William Paterson Manuscripts

Manuscript Group 46, New Jersey Legislature Minutes

Manuscript Group 221, Calvin Green Papers

Manuscript Group 347, First Presbyterian Church (Hanover, N.J.) Records

Manuscript Group 945, Morris County, N.J. Voting Register

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

The source of this collection is unknown.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 579, Jacob Green Collection, The New Jersey Historical Society.

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Biographical and Genealogical History of Morris County, New Jersey, Illustrated.
v. 1. New York and Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.

The Biographical Encyclopedia of New Jersey of the Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia: Galaxy Publishing Company, 1877.

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Container List

Autobiography and Letters

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Autobiography (transcript) [ca. 1900]
1 2 Outgoing letters (10) 1779-1782

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