Guide to the John Lawrence (1709-1794), Surveyor Papers 1719-1857 MG 258
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by James Lewis, August 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
In 1674, Sir George Carteret (1610-1680) and Lord Berkeley (1607-1678) divided New Jersey into East and West Jersey with the signing of the Quintipartite Deed. The line was resurveyed in 1676 by Nathan Keith, and the resulting border, called Keith’s Line ran between Carpenter’s Point in the north and Little Egg Harbor in the south. In 1702, Queen Anne gained control over the two provinces and united them, however, the proprietors still had some political power and continued to dispute the dividing line between East and West Jersey. In 1725, councils from the two halves met to discuss the demarcation of the border between the two provinces and negotiations dragged on until 1743 when the East Jersey Council appointed John Lawrence (1709-1794) to run the line. A number of dividing lines were drawn after Lawrence’s line, in part because his line favored East Jersey.
This collection consists of 17 items pertaining to the Lawrence line and the East-West Jersey border including a field book and papers kept by John Lawrence and others dating from 1719-1857. The papers are arranged in chronological order and follow the field book.
The field book contains notes kept by Lawrence while he was surveying the border between East and West Jersey from 1752-1772.
The papers consist of a number of other surveyors’s notes on the Lawrence Line including notes by George Sykes in Upper Springfield, New Jersey in 1857, and by George Brinley in 1839 regarding the “correction” of Lawrence’s line. There are also 3 survey maps, 2 of them drawn by Thomas Gordon, of the demarcation line between East and West Jersey.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
For more John Lawrence surveys and information on the border between East and West Jersey see:
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 258, John Lawrence (1709-1794), Surveyor
The source of this collection is unknown.
Edwin Platt Tanner, The Province of New Jersey: 1644-1738. (New York, NY: Columbia University, 1908).