Guide to the Matthias Winans (1739-1782), Innkeeper Account Book 1774-1780 MG 198
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The New Jersey Historical Society
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. February 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
Matthias Winans (b. 1739), a son of Isaac Winans (1710-1780) and Margaret (d. 1741), was an innkeeper in Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth), New Jersey. He married Rachel Morse (d. 1797) with whom he had the following children: Matthias (1761-1777), Isaac Ross (1763-1827/31), Mary (1764-1829), and Abigail (fl. 1780). Winans died in Elizabethtown in 1782.
The records consist of an account book dating from 1774-1780 kept by Matthias Winans detailing business transactions at his inn. Each account is labeled with the name of an individual and then notes date, drink or food purchased, and price. Patrons generally purchased such comestibles as brandy, gin, grog, mutton, fish, and dinner. Many of the accounts do not give the details of each transaction, referring instead to a ledger, “blue covered book,” or daybook. For patrons who stayed at Mr. Winans’s establishment, accounts list length of lodging and related services such as hay or feed for the customer’s horse. The account book is indexed and the last page has a “Memorandum of Boarders” which lists prominent lodgers, primarily military officers, who stayed at the inn. Interleaved in the book is an April 25, 1796 inventory of goods to be auctioned belonging to Daniel Kilsey of Rahway.
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This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 198, Matthias Winans (1739-1782), Innkeeper
Account Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.
Gift of Charles M. Lum, 1910.
Abstract of Wills Vol. 6: 1781-1785. New Jersey Archives: First Series Vol. 35: pg. 449.
Woolley, Alice W.E. Winans Family Geneology.1987.