Guide to the Papers of Joseph Black 1870-1877 MG 125
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The New Jersey Historical Society
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Inventory prepared by Stephen Yautz as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.Finding aid encoded by Danielle Kovacs. March 2004. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
Joseph Black was born in Newark, New Jersey on July 15, 1804. He was elected Alderman for the Ninth Ward in Newark, New Jersey in 1855. He also was a Trustee of and Secretary of the Board for the Franklin School Associates, and was a member of the New Jersey Historical Society. Black married Rebecca Hardenblach, with whom he had two sons, Edward and William. Black died at the home of his son, Edward S. Black, on May 10, 1887.
Rev. Hooper Cumming (1788-1825) was the pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church in Albany, New York.
Rev. Edward D. Griffin was born in East Haddam, Connecticut on January 6, 1770. He was the valedictorian of his class at Yale College in 1790. After Griffin was struck by a long illness in 1791, he had a religious awakening, which led to his entrance into the ministry. A student of Jonathan Edwards of New Haven, Griffin was licensed to preach the gospel in 1792. In 1801, he was installed as a minister at the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, New Jersey. In 1809, he left the First Presbyterian Church to pursue an academic career, ultimately becoming the President of Williams College in Boston, Massachusetts. Griffin was married to Frances Huntington, with whom he had two daughters. He died of “dropsy in the chest” in Newark, New Jersey on November 8, 1837.
Rev. Alexander Macwhorter was born in New Castle, Delaware on July 26, 1734. He was a graduate of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1757. Macwhorter, a student of Rev. William Tennent, was ordained in 1759, and was then named pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, New Jersey. Active in the Revolutionary cause, he was appointed chaplain of a division of the Continental Army. In 1781, he returned to the First Presbyterian Church as pastor, where he remained for the rest of life. Active in education, he was named president of the Newark Academy in 1794. He was married to Mary Cumming, with whom he had four children: Mary, Ann, Alexander Cumming, and John. He died in Newark, New Jersey in 1807.
Rev. John McDowell, an 1801 graduate of the College of New Jersey, was ordained as a minister by the New Brunswick Presbytery in 1804. In the same year, he was installed as minister at the First Presbyterian Church in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He remained there until 1833, when he requested to be released from his duties in order to take up the pulpit at the Central Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He continued his service there for the next sixteen years until his death on February 13, 1863.
This collection contains volumes of transcripts of orations, sermons, poems, and notes, covering the years 1762 to 1873, copied by Joseph Black from the years 1870-1877.
One of the volumes includes an oration delivered on July 4, 1794, which was delivered by Rev. Alexander Macwhorter at the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, New Jersey. In his address, he states that the Fourth of July is a day that “ranks first in our calender.” Macwhorter details the history of the evolution of representative government in Britain and America, and pays tribute to those who gave their lives for the independence of the American colonies from Great Britain. He concludes his oration by advising that “the preservation of liberty… depends upon your own knowledge and the right instruction and education of your children,” which he further states will in the future “guard the avenues to the temple of freedom.” Also included in the volume is another oration on Independence Day delivered by Rev. Hooper Cumming in 1823. Additionally, patriotic odes and poems are included in the volume, such as “Liberty Tree-1775.” .
The collection contains a second abridged copy of this volume, which does not include the 1823 oration by Rev. Hooper Cumming.
Another volume is a manuscript entitled, “Sermon on the Death of General Washington,” which was delivered by Rev. Macwhorter on December 27, 1799. At the request of a committee appointed by the Town of Newark, Rev. Macwhorter paid tribute to President George Washington by recounting his achievements for the benefit of the new American nation. He says that God has “taken from us our Moses,” but “let our mourning hearts be now filled with faith and confidence in God.”
The final volume in the collection includes a funeral sermon from 1807 honoring Rev. Alexander Macwhorter, by Rev. Edward D. Griffin, as well as Rev. John McDowell’s farewell sermon from 1833. An undated children’s circulating library catalog completes the volume.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
For related collections, see:
This collection should be cited as:Manuscript Group 125, Joseph Black Papers, The New Jersey Historical Society.
This collection is the gift of William Black, 1916.
First Presbyterian Church, Elizabeth, New Jersey. Church of the Founding Fathers of New Jersey: A History. Cornish, Maine: Carbrook Press, 1964.
The New Jersey Historical Society Biographical File.