Guide to the Phineas Horton (fl. 1809-1835), Merchant Record Books 1802-1852


Descriptive Summary
Biographical Note
Scope and Content Note
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information

Container List

Account book

Guide to the Phineas Horton (fl. 1809-1835), Merchant Record Books
MG 112

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2005 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Kim Charlton as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. December 2005. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Horton, Phineas.
Title: Phineas Horton (fl. 1809-1835), Merchant

Record Books

Dates: 1802-1852
Abstract: Financial records of Phineas Horton, Daniel Horton, John Hopler, Abigail Oles, and Isaac Lyon. The account books and daybooks related to a wide range of services, including the sale of farm animals and products, blacksmithing (Isaac Lyon), harvesting, sewing, and dyeing. Includes some records retained by Phineas Horton as Justice of the Peace in Morris County and by Daniel Horton as Constable and later as Justice of the Morris County Court for the Trial of Small Causes. Among the records retained by Daniel Horton are a list of marriages which he solemnized between 1802 and 1835.
Quantity: 0.5 linear feet
Collection Number: MG 112

Biographical Note

Phineas Horton owned a general store in Morris County, New Jersey. He married Esther ( ) of Chester, Morris County, New Jersey on August 21, 1809. Phineas Horton was one of the executors of Daniel Horton’s will.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains three volumes of account books, one daybook, and one wage book dating from 1802-1852. Phineas Horton kept two of these account books while the third was kept by Isaac Lyon, and the fourth by Abigail Oles and Daniel Horton. The wage book was kept by John Hoplar. However, someone at a later date labeled all of the volumes “Phineas Horton’s Account Book.”

Phineas Horton kept a daybook dating from 1809-1810 and an account book dating from 1821-1835 that document his general store in Morris County. The daybook contains entries for the date, customer, product sold, and cost. Horton sold such goods as powder, shot, glass, “knit” needles, sewing needles, salt, butter, and calico.

The account book kept by Phineas Horton dating from 1821-1835 includes a name index and has entries for the customer, date, and cost. It also includes coded entries possibly referring to other account books, loose leafed receipts including one for a purchase of 300 sheep, and a note to any constable of Morris County signed by Daniel Horton. There are also two discharge papers for Private Alexander Hoplar of the Second Regiment of the New Jersey Cavalry dated 1863 and 1865.

Isaac Lyon’s account book dates from 1811-1814 and tracks his blacksmith business. This account book includes entries for the date, customer’s name, service provided, and cost. Lyon only indicates that he has provided “blacksmithing” for his customers and not a specific task.

The third volume was used by Abigail Oles, a farmer in Flanders, Morris County, New Jersey and Daniel Horton a merchant in Morris County, New Jersey. The Abigail Oles section of the account book dates from 1813-1814 and has entries for the date, customer, produce sold and cost. She sold such goods as apples, hay, butter, rye, corn, flour and buckwheat.

Daniel Horton’s accounts date from 1819-1835 and have entries for the date, customer, goods sold and cost. He sold such goods as rye, pork, rye flour, buckwheat flour and potatoes. The volume also includes some entries, many of them on loose-leaf papers, related to Daniel Horton’s duties as constable and Justice of the Morris County Court of Small Causes, a recipe for a cure for “Bots in Horses,” a list of marriages performed by Daniel Horton from 1802-1835, and estate accounts for Nathaniel Terry’s will and Daniel Horton’s will.

John Hopler’s wage book dates from 1826-1852 and has entries for the date, name, number of days worked, and amount paid. He does not indicate what kind of work he was paying for.

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Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Hopler, John.
Horton, Daniel, 1752-1835.
Horton, Phineas.
Lyon, Isaac.
Oles, Abigail.
Subject Topics:
Blacksmiths–New Jersey–Morris County.
Constables–New Jersey–Morris County.
Dry goods–New Jersey–Morris County.
Farmers–New Jersey–Morris County.
General stores–New Jersey–Morris County.
Judges–New Jersey–Morris County.
Merchants–New Jersey–Morris County.
Subject Places:
Flanders (N.J.)
Morris County (N.J.)
Document Types:
Account books.
Financial records.
Marriage records.

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Related Material

For more information on Phineas and Daniel Horton see:

Manuscript Group 85, Chester Township, New Jersey Overseers of the Poor Records

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 112, Phineas Horton, Merchant

Record Books, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

Exchange, 1934.

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Container List

Account book

Box Title Date
1 Phineas Horton Account book; Isaac Lyon Account book 1809-1810; 1811-1814
Box Title Date
2 Phineas Horton Account book; Abigail Oles / Daniel Horton Account book; John Hopler’s Wage book 1821-1835; 1802-1835; 1826-1852

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