Guide to the Submarine Boat Corporation (Newark Bay Shipyard) Photograph Album 1917-1919 MG 1599
TABLE OF CONTENTS
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
Phone: (973) 596-8500 x249
© 2004 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Michael Roth.
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. October 2004. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
Brief history of the Submarine Boat Corporation as written by Robert Mitchell:
John Holland (father of US submarines) founded the Electric Boat Company in 1899 to build submarines. After Holland’s death in 1914, EB reorganized and the name was changed to Submarine Boat Corporation around 1915. With the [likelihood] of the United States becoming involved in World War I in 1917, the Submarine Boat Corporation decided to commit [its] resources to building disposable cargo vessels instead of submarines, and leased a large shipyard in Newark, NJ (Newark Bay) to build at least 30 ships, which explains the cargo ship profile on the badge. The company soon realized the decision to build cargo vessels instead of submarines was a mistake, but the war ended before they could complete setting up for submarine production. This costly mistake nearly bankrupt the company, and after another reorganization in 1923 the name of the company was changed back to the Electric Boat Company, and today is known as General Dynamics Corporation located in Groton.
The album contains sixty-six photographs taken by M. Rosenfeld that portray the Submarine Boat Corporation during various points of the entire building process. In addition to documenting the construction of cargo vessels from beginning to end, the photographs also depict close-ups of the materials that were used, the employees at their work, and an aerial view of the Newark Bay Shipyard during the peak of production. The album includes, too, four fold-out images containing panoramic views of the shipyard and the vessels in it.
Manuscript Group 1361, New Jersey Place Photographs and Prints
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 1599, Submarine Boat Corporation at Newark Bay Shipyard, The New Jersey Historical Society.
Donated by James M. Porter to the New Jersey Historical Society in March 2003.
Mitchell, Robert. “Submarine Boat Corporation World War I Shipyard Badge.” 24 Jun. 2003. <http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/1745/Shipyardbadge.htm>