Guide to the Sussex County (N.J.)Indentures and Documents 1738-1885 (bulk 1800-1857) MG 1604


Descriptive Summary
Historical Note
Scope and Content Note
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information

Container List

Indentures and other documents

Guide to the Sussex County (N.J.) Indentures and Documents
(bulk 1800-1857)
MG 1604
The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
Phone: (973) 596-8500 x249
© 2004 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Rebecca J. Haupt.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. October 2004. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Sussex County (N.J.)
Title: Sussex County (N.J.)
Indentures and Documents
Dates 1738-1885 (bulk 1800-1857)
Abstract: Consists of both indentures and other documents. Most contain at least one person or party from Sussex County and therefore, nearly every indenture includes some mention of the county.
Quantity: 0.09 linear feet
Collection Number: MG 1604

Historical Note

In 1783, Charles Rhodes was appointed County Clerk of Sussex County and would be reappointed in 1788 and 1793, dying while in office in 1800.

While there is no connection made between the documents and the indentures, the additional documents are from the Arvis family, descendents of Charles Rhodes. One item is from Rhodes himself about missing records and a possible lawsuit. Rhodes, as clerk in Sussex County, would have access to the records of the County, and possibly this includes the indentures. The dates of the indentures do spread over a greater time period than when Rhodes served; however, his position as County Clerk allows for a connection between the indentures and the items belonging to the Arvis family.
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Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of both indentures and other documents, and is arranged first by type and then chronologically therein. The majority of the papers are indentures or bonds. Most contain at least one person or party from Sussex County and therefore, nearly every indenture includes some mention of the county. Monmouth county appears often as well with reference to travel or land extending to the Freehold area. Most of the indentures detail the land settlement claims and include a statement by the parties of the contract that mark their appearance before the court judge granting the settlement. The indentures are docketed and include the date of their receipt by the Sussex County Clerk’s Office.

While the indentures make up a majority of the documents, there are other items included in the collection as well, such as surveys and receipts of payment to the sheriff or other officials. These early receipts are for sums of money expressed in the British pound, later receipts are expressed in dollars. The collection also contains a diagram showing the location of the seating of the members in New Jersey’s Eightieth Legislative Assembly from 1856.

A manuscript document entitled “The Political Demagogue,” written by C. Arvis dated January 13, 1843, provides a political commentary or editorial of the time. It criticizes the typical politicians of the day arguing that too many people rush into politics without being adequately prepared and this leads to a life of mediocrity for the politicians and the community. Arvis questions the morals and values of the new politicians, who worship cunning rather than wisdom and consequently have lost honor and can never be considered statesmen.

The last document is a personal letter sent by Charles Arvis to his cousin. In the letter, the family lineage is traced to the correspondent’s great great-grandfather Joseph Rhodes who lived in Horton Yorkshire, England and his heir Charles Rhodes, the correspondent’s great-grandfather who immigrated to the America. The letter concludes with a description of the living members of the Arvis family.
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This collection is arranged first by type and then chronologically therein.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Arvis family.
Rhodes, Charles.
Rhodes, Joseph.
Subject Topics:
New Jersey–History–1776-1865.
New Jersey–Legislature–General Assembly.
Subject Places:
Freehold (N.J.)
Newton (N.J.)
Sussex County (N.J.)
Document Types:

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Related Material

Manuscript Group 915, Baldwin-Reeve Family (Millburn Township, NJ)

Manuscript Group 1053, Robert Family (Newark and Camptown, NJ)

Manuscript Group 1205, Mark D. Ewing Collection, 1706-1865

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 1604, Indentures and Documents, 1738-1885, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Raymond Mosley to the New Jersey Historical Society in February 2003.

Processing Information

Many of the indentures and documents are extremely worn; some are torn and many are difficult to read. A number of the of the items were repaired with tape prior to their arrival at The New Jersey Historical Society-no attempt was made to remove the adhesive tape during processing. The most fragile items have been housed individually in acid-free paper inserts; these materials should be handled with care.

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Container List

Indentures and other documents

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Indenture: Thomas Fenton, Blacksmith, of Freehold and Joseph Forman, Trader, of the same town exchanging land claims and settling any remaining debts. 1738 Apr. 8
1 1 Indenture and receipt: John Pettit transferring about two hundred and seventy acres of land in Sussex County and including the payment of five hundred and forty seven pounds, fourteen shillings, and four pence to Abraham Cottnam and Joseph Phillips. 1766 May 30-Oct. 25
1 1 Indenture: John and Catherine Potts of Trenton transferring land to David and Abigail Bullock. 1814 Jan. 27.
1 1 Indenture: John and Anna Kinney of Newton, New Jersey turning over their territory within Newton. 1821 Aug. 7
1 2 Indenture: Isaiah and Francis Bunn of Frankford, New Jersey transferring a plantation and an additional allotment of land in Sussex County to John Strader, Jr. 1823 Apr. 5
1 2 Indenture: Peter and Mary Strader of Frankford transferring territory along the Union Turnpike to John Strader, Jr. 1823 Apr. 1
1 2 Indenture: George and Nancy Adams in agreement with John Strader turning over acreage in Frankford, New Jersey. 1826 Jan. 24
1 2 Indenture: John Couse, Jr. and wife Lydia of Newton giving territory of Sussex County near the turnpike to John Strader in exchange for forty dollars and fifty cents. 1828 Mar. 8
1 2 Indenture: John Strader 1832 Mar. 28
1 2 Indenture: Isaac Drew and wife transferring half of their territory in Vernon, New Jersey and other acquired territory to Samuel Drew. 1857 Oct. 6
1 2 Indenture: Samuel and Sarah Drew of Vernon allotting territory in Vernon to another individual. 1865 Sept. 20
1 2 Indenture: fragment n.d.
1 3 Survey: Gersham Hull 1749 Aug. 3
1 3 Power of Attorney and receipt: William Norcross 1769 June,1772 Apr. 28
1 3 Letter: Charles Rhodes to Thomas Hazen 1777 Nov. 15
1 3 Survey: Map of staked claim including directions and scale, in color. 1800 Aug. 20
1 4 Manuscript: “The Political Demagogue” by C. Arvis. Criticizing the wavering morals of the new politicians, and questioning the honor of the political system and its ability to provide admirable statesmen to represent the community. 2 p. 1843 Jan. 13
1 4 Diagram: New Jersey Legislative Assembly Depicting the seating chart of member of the 80th New Jersey Legislative Assembly. 1856
1 4 Article of Agreement: F. Arvis agreeing to find coal and wood for Charlotte Strader for one year in exchange for the use of her land without the selling of wood from her land lacking her consent. 1870 Mar. 25
1 4 Letter: Charles Arvis to his cousin. Account of the history of the Arvis family, tracing it to the Rhodes family, including Charles Rhodes, great grandfather of the correspondent, Sussex County Clerk between the years of 1783-1800. Also announcing the death of various family members, and offering a description of the living family members, their marriages and where they live. 1885 Feb. 5

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