Manuscript Group 223, Guide to the Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly Book 1779


Descriptive Summary
Historical Note
Scope and Content Note
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information

Container List

Orderly Book

Guide to the Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly Book
MG 223

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
Phone: (973) 596-8500 x249
© 2006 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino, June 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly Book
Dates: 1799
Abstract: Orders for the Continental Artillery Brigade stationed near Chester, Orange County, New York between July 1 and November 18, 1779. The brigade included the 1st, 2nd, 3rd Artillery Battalions commanded respectively by Charles Harrison, John Lamb, and John Crane.
Quantity: .02 linear feet
Collection Number: MG 223

Historical Note

The important events of the Revolutionary War in mid-1779 take place mostly in New Jersey and Georgia, but the Continental Army’s recapture of fortifications at Stony Point, New York on April 16 was an important morale builder in a year that brought more losses than victories.

General Henry Knox pioneered the use of mobile artillery by the American forces in the Revolutionary War when he transported his Continental Regiment of Artillery 300 miles from Ticonderoga to Boston to end the British siege on the city in 1776. John Lamb (1735-1800) and John Crane (1744-1805) both served as majors in this unit, and they were given command of two of the four artillery regiments when the Continental Artillery Brigade was later formed. The remaining two artillery regiments were commanded by Colonel Charles Harrison (1740-1796) and Colonel Thomas Proctor. At some point during 1779, Colonel Lamb was given command of nearby West Point until September 1780.

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Scope and Content Note

This volume is an orderly book used by a group of artillery brigades camped near Chester (Orange County), New York from July 1 to November 18, 1779. This group was composed of three of the four artillery brigades in the Continental Army: Colonel Charles Harrison’s 1st Artillery Brigade, Colonel John Lamb’s 2nd Artillery Brigade, and Colonel John Crane’s 3rd Artillery Brigade.

An orderly book is usually kept by the orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders. There is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop formations, guard duty, repair of arms, and court marshal proceedings.

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Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.

Subject Names:

Crane, John, 1744-1805.
Harrison, Charles, 1740-1796.
Lamb, John, 1735-1800.

Subject Organizations:

United States. Army–Military life
United States. Continental Army. Artillery.

Subject Topics:

Artillery–New York (State).
Courts martial and courts of inquiry–New York (State).
Military maneuvers–New York (State).
Military supplies–New York (State).

Subject Places:

Chester (N.Y.)
New York (State)–History–Revolution, 1775-1783.
Orange County (N.Y.)
United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783.

Document Types:

Orderly books.

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Related Material

For other collections containing orderly books:

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly Book
Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book
Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment Orderly book
Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book
Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book
Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly Book
Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book
Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops Military record book
Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book
Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon, Journal and Orderly book
Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 223, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Revolutionary War Officer Orderly Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Augustus Coddington, ca. 1871.

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Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (David McKay, New York, 1966)

Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896. (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963)

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Container List

Orderly Book
Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Orderly book 1779

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