Guide to the Jersey Brigade Orderly Book 1780 MG 227


Descriptive Summary
Historical Note
Scope and Content Note
Access Points
Related Material
Administrative Information

Container List

Orderly Book

Guide to the Jersey Brigade Orderly Book
MG 227

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2006 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino, May 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Brigade.
Title: Jersey Brigade Orderly Book
Dates: 1780
Abstract: Kept at West Point, New York by John Ross, Brigade Major and Inspector, October 10-30, 1780. Comprising the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd New Jersey Regiments, the Jersey Brigade was then commanded by Colonel Elias Dayton (1737-1807).
Quantity: .1 linear feet (1 volume)
Collection Number: MG 227

Historical Note

The Jersey Brigade was formed in December 1775 under Colonel William “Scotch Willie” Maxwell. Among the campaigns in which the brigade participated were those at Quebec, Short Hills, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, the Iroquois Expedition, Connecticut Farms, Springfield, and Yorktown.

After having fought in the Battle of Springfield on June 23, 1780, the Jersey Brigade was sent to several posts to protect the New Jersey side of the Hudson from British incursions. In October they camped at West Point in anticipation of remaining there for the winter, but instead were ordered to take up winter quarters in Pompton, New Jersey. Colonel William Maxwell resigned from service before the end of October 1780.

The fortifications at West Point, New York were always seen as vital to the survival of the revolutionary cause. Located on easily defended high cliffs over the Hudson River, this post prevented British troops and supplies from moving between the loyalist Hudson Valley and New York City. By September 1780, Benedict Arnold’s plot to surrender West Point to the British had been foiled, and the main body of the Continental Army was encamped for the winter in the Hudson Highlands.

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Scope and Content Note

This volume is an orderly book used by Captain John Ross (fl. 1775-1782) of the Jersey Brigade at their headquarters in West Point, New York from October 10-30, 1780. An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders, and there is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, procurement of uniforms, repair of arms, rations of food and rum, court marshal proceedings, and civilian complaints.

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Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Dayton, Elias, 1737-1807.
Maxwell, William, 1733?-1796.
Ross, John, fl. 1775-1782.
Subject Organizations:
United States. Army–Military life
United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Brigade.
Subject Topics:
Courts martial and courts of inquiry–New York (State).
Military camps–New York (State).
Military maneuvers–New York (State).
Military supplies–New York (State).
Subject Places:
Pompton (N.J.)
United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783.
West Point (N.Y.)
Document Types:
Orderly books.

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Related Material

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly Book

Manuscript Group 94, Elias Dayton (1737-1807) Papers

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1883) Orderly book

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops Military record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon, Journal and Orderly book

Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade

Orderly Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

The source of this collection is unknown.

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Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (David McKay, New York, 1966)

Timeline of the American Revolution, 1765-1783. available at: <>

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Container List

Orderly Book

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Orderly book 1780

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