Guide to the Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record Book 1776-1782 MG 230
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino, June 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
When the British were forced out of Boston in March of 1775, they first retreated to Halifax. Washington, however, sent the Continental Army to New York City on his surmise that this was where the next attacks would likely occur. British ships landed 9300 troops on Staten Island in June of 1776 and continued to receive supplies and reinforcements from England. The invasion of Long Island had begun by August, and by September, the Continental Army, outnumbered and ragged, were driven back to New York City, and then into the Bronx and Westchester.
The Continental Congress called upon New Jersey in 1775 to form a militia to support Continental forces in New York. Early in 1776, the New Jersey Militia under Colonel Nathaniel Heard was ordered to take about 500 men to Long Island to disarm dissenting Loyalists. While encamped in New York City, Heard was promoted to brigadier general. His brigade, composed of sixteen companies of 160 officers and 1762 enlisted men, took part in Washington’s evacuation of New York City on September 12, 1776. They were camped in the Kingsbridge area of the Bronx.
This volume is an orderly book kept by Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt’s regiment of Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade of the New Jersey Militia from July 7, 1776 to September 24, 1776. Orders were issued from New York City until September 10th and then from Kingsbridge. Included in this volume is a list of the troops in Captain Jedidiah Swan’s company and a record of court cases involving soldiers in the militia from February 2, 1781 to May 9, 1782.
An orderly book is usually kept by the orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders. There is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop formations, guard duty, repair of arms, and court martial proceedings.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade, New Jersey Militia
Record Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.
The source of this collection is unknown.
Boatner III, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (David McKay, New York, 1966)
Striker, William S. Official Register of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War. (Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1967).
Who Was Who in America.
Historical Volume 1607-1896, (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963).