Guide to the Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly Book 1782-1783 MG 257
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Inventory prepared by James Lewis, June 2001, as part of the “Farm to City” project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. March 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.
The Second Dragoon Regiment was organized on December 12, 1776 and was the first cavalry regiment directly organized by the Continental Army. The Continental Congress appointed Elisha Sheldon (fl. 1776-1780) lieutenant colonel and commanding officer of the regiment. He was ordered to enlist six troops to form his regiment at Wethersfield, Connecticut. One of the first officers chosen by Sheldon was Major Benjamin Tallmadge (1754-1835). Tallmadge led the fifth troop of the regiment in the battles of Short Hills (1777), Brandywine (1777), Trenton (1776), Saratoga (1777) and White Plains (1776).
This orderly book, kept by the fifth troop of the Second Dragoon Regiment of the Continental Army, dates from 1782 to 1783 and measures 0.01 linear feet. The fifth troop was commanded by Major Benjamin Tallmadge (1754-1835), whose orders are presented in this book. Rules regarding rations are mentioned at great length, as are orders to officers to participate in court martials. A size roll, which indicates soldiers’ physical characteristics and birthplace also appears in this volume.
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This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army
Orderly Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.
This collection was donated by John H. Stephens in 1848.
Mark Mayo Boatner III. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. (New York, New York: David McKay Inc., 1966).
U.S. Senator Chris Dodd. “The 220th Anniversary of the Founding of the U.S. Cavalry (Senate – February 25, 1997). Available at: <http://www.senate.gov/~dodd/press/Speeches/105_97/0225.htm>